Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the oldest cereals

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the oldest cereals

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the oldest cereals. For the first time in Macedonia it was grown after Alexander Macedonian is returning from the campaign in India (in 356–323 B.C.) and again in the XIVth century with Turks, coming in all country regions with the exemption of that of the mountains.
Rice production in the Republic of Macedonia is mainly concentrated in the Eastern part along the course of the river Bregalnica in the regions of Kochani, Shtip, Vinica and Blatec, whereаs in smaller areas is also represented in the regions of Veles and Probishtip.

Thanks to the scientific research work done by the institutes of Macedonia, domestic rice varieties were bred:
No-69, No-51, biser-2, kochanski, osogovka, nada-115, ranka, prima riska and montesa.
Italian varieties monticheli, р-76/6, san andrea and drago were introduced and registered which are characterized with properties needed at the market. Since 2011, with the support and initiation of TIKA (Turkish Economical Development Agency), Turkish varieties GALA, EFE, HALILBEY, GONEN, KIRKPINAR were tested in Kocani and very successful results were attained. In 2015, approximately %50. Turkish, %10 local and %40 Italian sorts were planted in Kocani.

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the oldest cereals. For the first time in Macedonia it was grown after Alexander Macedonian is returning from the campaign in India (in 356–323 B.C.) and again in the XIVth century with Turks, coming in all country regions with the exemption of that of the mountains.
Rice production in the Republic of Macedonia is mainly concentrated in the Eastern part along the course of the river Bregalnica in the regions of Kochani, Shtip, Vinica and Blatec, whereаs in smaller areas is also represented in the regions of Veles and Probishtip.

Thanks to the scientific research work done by the institutes of Macedonia, domestic rice varieties were bred:
No-69, No-51, biser-2, kochanski, osogovka, nada-115, ranka, prima riska and montesa.
Italian varieties monticheli, р-76/6, san andrea and drago were introduced and registered which are characterized with properties needed at the market. Since 2011, with the support and initiation of TIKA (Turkish Economical Development Agency), Turkish varieties GALA, EFE, HALILBEY, GONEN, KIRKPINAR were tested in Kocani and very successful results were attained. In 2015, approximately %50. Turkish, %10 local and %40 Italian sorts were planted in Kocani.

The valley of Kochani belongs to group of the, so called, continental submediteranean areas, which are characterized by the most expressive translations of the continental and Mediteranean climate and with high temperature amplitudes. The climate conditions of the region mostly depend on the geographical situation and of the relief. The temperature is a significant factor that has an important influence on the rice biochemical processes. In addition to this, the optimal temperatures are required as well as the limited values under which they could not be carried out. The necessary average daily air temperature during the vegetation for a successful rice growing should be between 18–20°C.

Rice needs intensive sunlight, while the diffuse light prolongs the period of maturation. In the rice producing regions should not there be strong wind which can enable threshing grains from the panicle, lodging, or pulling out the whole plants.

The temperature sum during the rice vegetation in the Kochani region is in the frame from 2700°C to 4500 °C, which means that the essential growing conditions such as heat, water and light are convenient for rice growing.

The valley of Kochani belongs to group of the, so called, continental submediteranean areas, which are characterized by the most expressive translations of the continental and Mediteranean climate and with high temperature amplitudes. The climate conditions of the region mostly depend on the geographical situation and of the relief. The temperature is a significant factor that has an important influence on the rice biochemical processes. In addition to this, the optimal temperatures are required as well as the limited values under which they could not be carried out. The necessary average daily air temperature during the vegetation for a successful rice growing should be between 18–20°C.

Rice needs intensive sunlight, while the diffuse light prolongs the period of maturation. In the rice producing regions should not there be strong wind which can enable threshing grains from the panicle, lodging, or pulling out the whole plants.

The temperature sum during the rice vegetation in the Kochani region is in the frame from 2700°C to 4500 °C, which means that the essential growing conditions such as heat, water and light are convenient for rice growing.